วันจันทร์ที่ 15 พฤศจิกายน พ.ศ. 2553

There is / There are

There is/There are is a common phrase in English, used to indicate that something ?exists? or is in a certain location. The main subject follows the verb when there is/are is used.

From
There is
There isn't
Is there?
There are
There aren't
Meaning
We use there is and there are when we want to say that something exists (or does not exist):
Are there any potatoes?
There's a centipede under this stone.
There are two good reasons to do this.
There isn't any flour in the pantry.
There aren't any seats available.
Is there any petrol in the car?

Note that we often use there is and there are with a/an, some and any. A/an go with singular,countable nouns. Some and any go with uncountable and plural nouns. (See more about countable and uncountable nouns). A/an and some are used in the affirmative. Any is used with questions and negative statements:
There is a book on the table.
There is an ant on your leg.
There is some tea in the pot.
There are some tools in the second drawer.
There isn't any water in the bottle.
There aren't any eggs in the fridge.
Is there any coffee left?
Are there any tickets for the show?

Note that in informal speech, we often use there is with plural nouns:
There's some people coming in the front gate.
There's some biscuits in the tin in the pantry.

We can use there There have been many attempts to climb the mountain.
There will be many refugees if the war begins.
There was a small boy standing next to the pond.

in this way with all tenses:
We cannot use it is in the same way as there is. Whereas there is used to say that something exists, it is used for things that people already know about, or that we have already talked about.
There's a big dog in the garden. It's a German shepherd


There is and there are (and their forms in other tenses) can also be used in question tags:
There isn't any reason for going, is there?
There won't be too many people, will there?
There was nobody looking, was there?




Resource:

ไม่มีความคิดเห็น:

แสดงความคิดเห็น

แสดงความคิดเห็น